Janome 712T Treadle Powered Common Problems and Troubleshooting
The Janome 712T treadle sewing machine is a unique and innovative model that allows you to sew without electrical power. In this article, we will address common problems that may arise with the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine and provide troubleshooting solutions to help you overcome any issues you encounter while using this specific model.
Whether you’re a student learning to sew or a seasoned teacher, the Janome 712T offers 10 utility stitches, a built-in buttonhole stitch, and a flatbed design to fit seamlessly into your existing sewing cabinetry. With its top-loading bobbin system and user-friendly threading guide, changing top and bottom threads is a breeze, ensuring frustration-free sewing experiences.
Let’s dive into the common problems and their solutions for this remarkable sewing machine.
Janome 712T Treadle Powered Overview
The Janome 712T treadle sewing machine is designed to provide a reliable and efficient sewing experience with the added benefit of being powered by a crank mechanism, eliminating the need for electricity. Below are the key product details and features of the Janome 712T:
|10″D x 19″W x 14″H
|Item model number
|4.5 out of 5 stars (58 ratings)
|Best Sellers Rank
|#169,430 in Arts, Crafts & Sewing (See Top 100 in Arts, Crafts & Sewing)
|Rank in Sewing Machines
|Is Discontinued By Manufacturer
Causes of Common Problems with the Janome 712T Treadle Powered
Before diving into the troubleshooting solutions, let’s explore the common problems that users may encounter while using the Janome 712T treadle sewing machine. The following subsections of this article will address each problem in detail and provide step-by-step solutions to resolve them.
Common Problems with the Janome 712T Treadle Powered
Problem 1: Uneven Stitches
Description: One of the common issues users may encounter with the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine is the production of uneven stitches. This problem results in stitches that vary in length or tension, leading to an inconsistent and unsightly sewing outcome.
Cause: Uneven stitches can be caused by improper threading, incorrect bobbin tension, or a bent sewing machine needle. It may also occur if the fabric is not feeding smoothly through the machine or if the presser foot pressure is set incorrectly.
- First, rethread both the top thread and the bobbin thread, ensuring they are correctly placed through the machine’s guides.
- Check the bobbin tension and adjust it if necessary. A balanced tension will result in even stitches.
- Inspect the sewing machine needle for any signs of damage or bending. Replace it with a new needle if needed.
- Ensure the fabric is feeding smoothly through the machine. Adjust the fabric’s position and use a fabric stabilizer if necessary.
- Check and adjust the presser foot pressure according to the thickness of the fabric being used.
Problem 2: Bobbin Thread Tangling
Description: Tangling or bunching of the bobbin thread is a frustrating issue that can hinder the sewing process with the Janome 712T.
Cause: Bobbin thread tangling is often caused by improper threading of the bobbin or using a low-quality or incorrect bobbin thread. It may also occur if the bobbin is not wound smoothly or if the bobbin case is not inserted correctly.
- Remove the bobbin and rethread it, ensuring the thread is wound evenly and tightly.
- Use high-quality bobbin thread that is suitable for the Janome 712T Treadle Powered model.
- Check the bobbin case for any signs of damage or debris. Clean it if necessary and reinsert it securely.
- Adjust the bobbin tension if the tangling persists. Refer to the user manual for guidance on tension adjustment.
Problem 3: Machine Jamming
Description: The sewing machine jamming during use is a common issue that can disrupt the sewing process and cause frustration.
Cause: Machine jamming can occur due to tangled threads, debris or lint buildup in the machine, or using thick fabrics that the machine is not designed to handle.
- Turn off the sewing machine and unplug it before attempting to resolve the jam.
- Carefully remove the fabric and check for any tangled threads or snags in the machine.
- Clear out any accumulated lint or debris from the bobbin area and the feed dogs using a brush or vacuum.
- If using thick fabrics, consider using a special needle designed for heavy fabrics, and sew at a slower speed.
Problem 4: Skipped Stitches
Description: Skipped stitches are when the sewing machine fails to create stitches at certain points, resulting in gaps in the sewing pattern.
Cause: Skipped stitches can be caused by using the wrong type or size of needle, a damaged needle, or a dull needle. Additionally, using incorrect thread tension or not properly cleaning and oiling the machine can also lead to skipped stitches.
- Ensure you are using the appropriate needle type and size for the fabric being sewn.
- Inspect the needle for any signs of damage or dullness. Replace it with a new needle if needed.
- Check the thread tension and adjust it as necessary. A balanced tension will prevent skipped stitches.
- Regularly clean and oil the machine as per the manufacturer’s instructions to keep it running smoothly.
Problem 5: Thread Breakage
Description: Thread breakage is a frustrating problem where the thread keeps breaking during sewing.
Cause: Thread breakage can occur due to an incorrect or damaged needle, improper threading, using low-quality thread, or the machine being set at too high of a speed.
- Check the needle and replace it if it is bent, damaged, or not appropriate for the fabric being used.
- Rethread the machine, making sure the thread is correctly passed through all guides and the needle’s eye.
- Use high-quality thread suitable for the Janome 712T Treadle Powered model.
- Reduce the sewing machine’s speed to avoid putting too much strain on the thread.
Problem 6: Thread Tension Issues
Description: Incorrect thread tension can result in loose or tight stitches, affecting the overall quality of the sewing project.
Cause: Thread tension issues may arise due to improper threading, using the wrong thread for the fabric, or a misadjusted tension dial.
- Check the threading of both the top thread and the bobbin thread, ensuring they are correctly placed.
- Use the appropriate thread type and weight for the fabric being sewn.
- Adjust the tension dial according to the fabric and desired stitch quality.
Problem 7: Needle Breakage
Description: The needle breaking during sewing can be a safety hazard and cause damage to the fabric and the sewing machine.
Cause: Needle breakage can occur if the needle is not inserted properly, if it hits a pin or a hard object while sewing, or if it is worn out and needs replacement.
- Double-check that the needle is correctly inserted with the flat side facing the back of the machine.
- Remove any pins or hard objects from the fabric before sewing.
- Replace the needle with a new one if it is damaged or has been in use for an extended period.
Problem 8: Motor Difficulties
Description: Motor-related problems can affect the smooth operation of the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine.
Cause: Motor difficulties can arise due to loose or damaged motor components, lack of lubrication, or an electrical issue.
- Check for any loose or damaged motor parts and tighten or replace them as needed.
- Regularly lubricate the motor and moving parts following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
- If the machine still doesn’t function, check the electrical connections and consult a professional if necessary.
Problem 9: Fabric Not Feeding Properly
Description: When the fabric doesn’t feed smoothly through the machine, sewing can become challenging and lead to uneven stitches.
Cause: Fabric feeding issues may be caused by an improperly set presser foot, incorrect machine settings, or a problem with the feed dogs.
- Ensure the presser foot is properly attached and applies even pressure to the fabric.
- Check and adjust the machine’s stitch length and width settings according to the fabric type and desired outcome.
- Inspect the feed dogs for any debris or damage. Clean or replace them as necessary.
Problem 10: Irregular Bobbin Winding
Description: Bobbin winding issues can prevent the bobbin from winding evenly and affect the sewing process.
Cause: Irregular bobbin winding may occur if the bobbin is not inserted correctly on the winding spindle or if the tension is not properly set.
- Ensure the bobbin is correctly placed on the winding spindle and secured in place.
- Check and adjust the bobbin winding tension to achieve a smooth and even winding process.
- If the problem persists, consider using pre-wound bobbins or consult the user manual for further guidance.
Problem 11: Noisy Operation
Description: Excessive noise during sewing can be distracting and indicate underlying issues with the sewing machine.
Cause: Noisy operation may be caused by loose or worn-out machine parts, lack of lubrication, or a problem with the motor.
- Tighten any loose screws or components on the machine.
- Apply lubrication to the moving parts to reduce friction and noise.
- If the noise persists, check the motor and its components for any problems or seek professional assistance.
Problem 12: Stuck Reverse Stitch
Description: The reverse stitch function not working properly can hinder backstitching and securing seams.
Cause: A stuck reverse stitch may occur due to debris accumulation in the reverse lever mechanism or a misaligned reverse switch.
- Inspect the reverse lever and clean out any accumulated lint or debris that might be causing the sticking.
- Ensure the reverse switch is aligned correctly and moves smoothly when engaged.
- If the issue persists, consult the user manual or a sewing machine technician for further assistance.
Problem 13: Thread Skipping on Thick Fabrics
Description: When sewing thick fabrics, the machine may skip stitches or struggle to create a consistent stitch pattern.
Cause: The Janome 712T Treadle Powered model may have difficulty handling extremely thick fabrics, resulting in skipped stitches.
- Use a specialized needle designed for heavy fabrics, such as denim or canvas.
- Reduce the sewing speed when working with thick materials to allow the needle to penetrate smoothly.
- Consider using a walking foot attachment to aid the fabric feeding process.
Problem 14: Uneven Feed Dogs
Description: Uneven feed dog movement can lead to irregular fabric feeding and affect the stitch quality.
Cause: Uneven feed dog movement may occur due to debris buildup or damage to the feed dog mechanism.
- Clean the feed dogs thoroughly to remove any lint or debris that might be obstructing their movement.
- Inspect the feed dog mechanism for any signs of damage or misalignment. Adjust or replace if necessary.
- If the issue persists, seek professional help to address the problem.
Problem 15: Incorrect Buttonhole Formation
Description: The buttonhole stitch not forming correctly can affect the overall appearance and functionality of the buttonhole.
Cause: Incorrect buttonhole formation may be due to an issue with the buttonhole foot, incorrect settings, or insufficient stabilizing of the fabric.
- Ensure the buttonhole foot is attached securely and correctly aligned with the fabric markings.
- Adjust the buttonhole settings on the machine according to the size and thickness of the button being used.
- Use stabilizers or interfacing to support the fabric during buttonhole formation.
Problem 16: Jammed Bobbin Winder
Description: Difficulties with the bobbin winding mechanism can prevent the smooth winding of the bobbin.
Cause: The bobbin winder may get jammed due to improper alignment, debris accumulation, or a malfunctioning bobbin winder clutch.
- Ensure the bobbin winder is correctly engaged with the bobbin.
- Clear any debris or lint from the bobbin winder area.
- Inspect the bobbin winder clutch for any issues and adjust or replace it as needed.
Problem 17: Uneven Feed Pressure
Description: Uneven feed pressure can result in uneven stitching and fabric pulling.
Cause: The feed pressure may not be distributed evenly across the fabric due to misalignment or damage to the presser foot mechanism.
- Check the alignment of the presser foot and adjust it if necessary.
- Ensure the presser foot is functioning properly and applying even pressure to the fabric.
- If the issue persists, consult a sewing machine technician for further examination and adjustment.
Problem 18: Thread Fraying or Breaking
Description: Thread fraying or breaking during sewing can disrupt the stitching process.
Cause: Thread fraying or breaking can be caused by using low-quality thread, using an incorrect needle size, or threading the machine incorrectly.
- Use high-quality thread suitable for the Janome 712T Treadle Powered model.
- Ensure the needle size is appropriate for the thread and fabric being used.
- Re-thread the machine, following the correct threading path as per the user manual.
Problem 19: Limited Stitch Selection
Description: Users may find the available stitch selection limiting for certain projects.
Cause: The Janome 712T Treadle Powered model has a relatively small number of built-in stitches, which may not meet all sewing needs.
- Explore additional stitch patterns available in the user manual or through optional attachments.
- If advanced stitch options are necessary, consider investing in a separate computerized sewing machine.
Problem 20: Thread Looping on the Underside
Description: Loops of thread appearing on the underside of the fabric can affect the stitch appearance and strength.
Cause: Thread looping on the underside may be caused by incorrect threading, insufficient tension, or a damaged bobbin case.
- Rethread the machine, ensuring the thread is correctly placed through all guides and tension disks.
- Check and adjust the thread tension as needed to eliminate looping.
- Inspect the bobbin case for any damage and replace it if necessary.
Problem 21: Inconsistent Buttonhole Size
Description: The buttonhole size may vary or not match the selected setting, affecting the fit of buttons.
Cause: Inconsistent buttonhole size can result from incorrect settings, improper positioning of the fabric, or a worn-out buttonhole foot.
- Ensure the fabric is positioned correctly and securely under the buttonhole foot.
- Adjust the buttonhole settings on the machine according to the desired buttonhole size.
- If the buttonhole foot is worn or damaged, replace it with a new one.
Problem 22: Fabric Puckering
Description: Puckering occurs when the fabric bunches up and distorts the stitching line.
Cause: Fabric puckering can be caused by using the wrong needle, incorrect thread tension, or sewing too tightly.
- Ensure the needle is appropriate for the fabric type and weight.
- Adjust the thread tension to achieve a balanced stitch.
- Loosen the fabric slightly while sewing to prevent excessive tension.
Problem 23: Thread Jam in Bobbin Case
Description: The thread may become jammed in the bobbin case, hindering the sewing process.
Cause: A thread jam in the bobbin case can occur due to improper bobbin winding, incorrect bobbin insertion, or debris in the bobbin area.
- Remove the bobbin and re-wind it, ensuring the thread is wound smoothly and evenly.
- Insert the bobbin correctly into the bobbin case, following the machine’s guidelines.
- Check the bobbin area for any debris or tangled thread, and clean it thoroughly.
Problem 24: Needle Threader Malfunction
Description: The needle threader may not work correctly, making it difficult to thread the needle.
Cause: A malfunctioning needle threader can result from misalignment or damage to the threader mechanism.
- Check the alignment of the needle threader and adjust it if necessary.
- Ensure the needle is at the correct height for the threader to work smoothly.
- If the needle threader remains faulty, thread the needle manually using a handheld needle threader or a needle threader tool.
Problem 25: Feed Dogs Not Moving
Description: The feed dogs may fail to move the fabric through the machine, preventing sewing progress.
Cause: Feed dogs not moving can be caused by a disengaged feed dog mechanism or damage to the feed dog parts.
- Check the feed dog mechanism and ensure it is engaged properly.
- Inspect the feed dog parts for any signs of damage and replace them if needed.
- If the issue persists, seek assistance from a sewing machine technician for further examination and repair.
Janome 712T Treadle Powered Sewing Machine User Reviews
Positive Reviews from Janome 712T Treadle Powered Sewing Machine Users
- Some users were satisfied with the smooth backstitching and the ability to perform zig-zag stitches with ease. The machine’s performance was improved after minor adjustments were made to the cabinet.
- One user appreciated the modern features of the Janome 712T, including its capability to sew buttonholes and stretch stitches. They found it to be a reliable option in areas with unreliable power supply.
- Another customer bought the machine for a cabin with no access to electricity. Despite being a novice at treadling, they managed to piece a quilt and bind it using the machine. The only drawback was the lack of a built-in light, but they resolved the issue by attaching a separate light to the machine.
- A user living off the grid found the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine to be a great addition to their limited electrical system. They praised its ease of use, quiet operation, and the convenience of having its own table.
Negative User Reviews of the Janome 712T Treadle Powered Sewing Machine
- Some users found the treadling on the Janome 712T to be challenging and suggested that those seeking a more authentic vintage treadle machine may prefer other options.
- One user expressed disappointment in not receiving the belt with their purchase and mentioned a lack of satisfactory customer service when addressing the issue.
Overall, the majority of users seemed satisfied with the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine, appreciating its modern capabilities and suitability for areas with limited or no access to electricity. However, a few users found the treadling aspect challenging or experienced issues with customer service during their purchase.
Janome 712T Treadle Powered Sewing Machine Manual
The operating instructions for the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine can be found on the manufacturer’s website. Please visit the official Janome website to access the manual and ensure you have the necessary guidance for using the machine properly and effectively.
Janome 712T Treadle Powered Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How do I properly thread the Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine?
A: Threading the Janome 712T is essential for smooth sewing. Start by following the thread path from the spool to the tension discs, then through the take-up lever, and finally, down through the needle. Ensure proper threading of the bobbin as well, and consult the manual for detailed instructions.
Q: Why is my machine producing uneven stitches?
A: Uneven stitches can result from various factors, including incorrect thread tension, bent or damaged needles, or improper fabric feeding. Double-check the thread tension settings, replace the needle if necessary, and ensure the fabric is feeding smoothly through the machine.
Q: How do I troubleshoot thread tangling in the bobbin area?
A: Thread tangling in the bobbin area can be resolved by rethreading the bobbin properly, using high-quality thread, and ensuring the bobbin case is inserted correctly. If the tangling persists, adjusting the bobbin tension may also be necessary.
Q: Can the Janome 712T Treadle Powered machine handle thick fabrics?
A: While the Janome 712T is designed to handle various fabrics, extremely thick materials may pose some challenges. To sew thick fabrics successfully, use specialized needles for heavy fabrics, reduce the sewing speed, and consider using a fabric stabilizer.
Q: How do I troubleshoot needle breakage?
A: Needle breakage can occur due to incorrect needle insertion, hitting pins or hard objects while sewing, or using a worn-out needle. Make sure the needle is inserted correctly and is the appropriate size for the fabric. Clear the work area of any obstacles, and replace the needle regularly.
For any issues with your Janome 712T Treadle Powered sewing machine, it’s always best to refer to the manual first. The manual provides comprehensive instructions on setup, troubleshooting, and maintenance. If you encounter persistent problems or have specific concerns, don’t hesitate to seek assistance from Janome’s customer service or visit an authorized service center for professional support.